石油与天然气地质 ›› 1983, Vol. 4 ›› Issue (2): 151-159.doi: 10.11743/ogg19830203
• 论文 •
Analyses of gas chromatography/mass spectrometry show that β-carotane and its homologues are quite rich and ubiquitous in Karamay crude oil,with β-carotane contained in a few samples more than 30%. Such bio-mark compounds which have important significance in geology,may result from algae rich in carotenes.Since almost all β-carotane can be transformed through thermodegradation into homologues with low molecular weight at a greater extent,as compared with the transformation of stereoisomers of steroids and terpenoids,its relative abundance thus can be considered as a more effective index for thermal evolution.The ratio of γ-carotane to β-carotane may also be an important index. The γ/β ratio increases with thermal evolution and decreases with biodegradation.
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