• 技术方法 •

### 缝洞型碳酸盐岩油藏数值模拟技术与应用

1. 中国石化 石油勘探开发研究院, 北京 100083
• 收稿日期:2014-10-15 修回日期:2014-11-02 出版日期:2014-12-08 发布日期:2015-01-27
• 第一作者简介:康志江(1969-), 男, 博士、教授级高级工程师, 油气田开发.E-mail:kangzj.syky@sinopec.com.
• 基金项目:
国家重点基础研究发展计划(973计划)项目(2011CB202404).

### Numerical simulation technology and its application to fractured-vuggy carbonate reservoirs

Kang Zhijiang, Zhao Yanyan, Zhang Yun, Lü Tie, Zhang Dongli, Cui Shuyue

1. Petroleum Exploration & Production Research Institute, SINOPEC, Beijing 100083, China
• Received:2014-10-15 Revised:2014-11-02 Online:2014-12-08 Published:2015-01-27

Abstract: Fractured-vuggy carbonate reservoirs have various types of reservoir space with significantly different sizes including vugs, fractures, and caverns. Fluid flow in this type of reservoirs is complicated by the coexistence of flow through the dissolved pores, flow in the fractures and flow in the caverns. The common numerical simulators are no longer suitable for fluid flow in this complex medium. In order to study the development mechanics and the remaining oil distribution in the reservoir, a mathematical model that couples cavern flow and fracture flow with seepage flow is established and discretized with the finite volume method. The equations are solved by using the self-adaptation method. A numerical simulation software for the fractured-vuggy reservoir is developed. The flows within a well group and a fractured-vuggy unit in Tahe oilfield were simulated respectively. The results show that the remaining oil in this kind of reservoirs mainly include the remaining oil at the top of caverns, marginal remaining oil, attic oil, the remaining oil at the bottom of caverns, the remaining oil around high permeable channel and the remaining oil in filled caverns. The results are consistent with the actual production data, verifying effectiveness of the fractured-vuggy carbonate reservoir numerical simulation model. This model is useful for extracting remaining oil and enhanced oil recovery for fractured-vuggy carbonate reservoirs.